The idea of Adhika Masa is exclusive to the normal Hindu lunar calendars. In 2023 Hindu calendar, there’s an Adhika Masam or Adhik Masa or an additional month. This Adhika Masa is from July 18, 2023 to August 16, 2023 as per North Indian Calendar
. In Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, the Adika Masa can be from July 18, 2023 to August 16, 2023. This further month is named Adhik Shravan Maas or Adhik Shravan Mahina. The Adhika Masa is devoted to Sri Krishna.
So in 2023 there are 13 months in Hindu Lunar calendar. Aside from the traditional 12 months, there’s an an Adhik Shravana Masa.
It should be famous right here that there is no such thing as a Adhika Masam within the calendars adopted in Assam
, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu as it’s based mostly on Hindu Photo voltaic Calendar.
Why There’s an Adhika Masa?
The Hindu calendar is a lunar calendar and is predicated on the cycles of the Moon. A lunar month is round 29.5 days lengthy. Now, a photo voltaic month, that’s the regular calendar, is 30 to 31 days.
The lunar yr consists of 354 photo voltaic days and photo voltaic yr consists of 12 months. So, as years move by every lunar month begins earlier to the corresponding photo voltaic month. There’s a distinction of 11 days between the lunar and photo voltaic yr. In each two or three photo voltaic years the distinction between the 2 calendars turns into a full month or round 29 days. To compensate and get the 2 calendars comparable an additional month is added.
Vasishta Siddhanta, a treatise of Sage Vasishta, says that the Adhika Masa happens after each 32 months, 16 days and eight Ghadis. A Ghadi is 24 minutes.
Now, in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra
the lunar month begins and ends with the brand new moon or no moon (amavasya). In North India
, the lunar month begins and ends with full moon (purnima).
How is Adhika Masa Calculated?
The solar modifications its signal or rashi (like Mesha, Vrishabha) each month in Hindu
astrology system. The day it enters a Rashi is named as its ingress right into a
Rashi. A lunar month during which there is no such thing as a solar ingress right into a Rashi is
thought-about an Adhika Masa. Adhika Masa happens as soon as in 32 photo voltaic months and 16
One more methodology or most generally utilized in North India is as follows:
Photo voltaic yr in Hindu calendar is 12 months and 6 hours roughly.
Lunar yr in Hindu calendar is 354 days.
There’s a distinction of 11 days between the Photo voltaic and the Lunar Yr.
As soon as in three years this distinction provides as much as a month. Then there’s an additional month or Adhik Masa.
For a median devotee, the Adhika Masa means some change within the temple celebrations within the States following the lunar calendar. For instance, because of the Adhika Masam, there might be two Brahmotsavams in Tirupati this yr. And the Adhika Masa is devoted to Lord Krishna.
Completely different Names of Adhika Masa
- Mala Maas
- Adhik Mahina
- Purushottam Maas
- Kala Mahina
When is Subsequent Adhika Masa?
Subsequent Adhika Masa is in 2023. It’s the Adhik Jyeshta month from Could 17, 2026 to June 15, 2026.